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The United States’ Department of Transportation recognizes that it is important to continuously monitor the performance of the nation’s transportation improvements and programs to determine if the nation is achieving its national goals and objectives related to transportation. Under current federal surface transportation legislation, states and metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs) will "transition to a performance-driven, outcome based program..."
Performance based-planning and programming's implementation is done within the Transportation Performance Management (TPM) framework, which provides key system information to determine the progress towards achieving these goals and objectives and prioritizes investment and policy decisions. TPM also gives transportation agencies a better ability to identify and mitigate issues with their respective transportation networks and improve communication between partner agencies through data and objective information.
On July 6, 2012, the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21) was signed into law, creating a streamlined, performance-based, multimodal program in an effort to address challenges facing the U.S. transportation system. In relation to performance management, MAP-21 aims to increase the accountability and transparency of Federal highway programs by improving transportation investment decision-making through performance-based planning and programming.
As a result of MAP-21, 7 national goals were established to address safety, current infrastructure, traffic congestion, efficiency, environment, transportation delays, and project delivery delays;
On December 4 2015, Fixing America’s Surface Transportation (FAST) Act was signed into law, replacing MAP-21. The FAST Act continued and reinforced MAP-21’s overall performance approach, and ensures that State DOTs and MPOs invest in projects that collectively make progress toward the National Goals that were established by Congress. Currently through MAP-21 and the FAST Act, State DOTs, Transit Providers, and MPOs are required to implement a performance management approach by setting performance goals, measures, and targets, and coordinating to the maximum extent practicable to ensure consistency.
The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and the Federal Transit Administration (FTA) have established a set of rulemakings for implementation of performance-based planning and programming (PBPP). Each rulemaking pertains to a particular area of transportation, and lays out the goals, measures, and data to be used in setting targets. Under the PBPP process, states, transit providers, and MPOs must link investment priorities to the achievement of performance targets.
The Memphis Urban Area MPO is coordinating with our regional, state, and federal partners to establish performance measure targets for the MPO Planning Area. With the exception of performance measures related to traffic congestion, MPO’s have the option to adopt their own performance target(s) or support the state's/transit provider's target(s). For performance measures related to traffic congestion, States and MPOs must collectively establish 2-year and 4-year targets.
The table below identifies the dates in which MPOs are required to submit their first round of performance targets, and the current status of targets for the Memphis MPO:
|Final Rule||Performance Measure (By Category)||MPO Due Date||Status|
February 27th, 2018
|Pavement Condition||November 16th, 2018||Complete|
|Bridge Condition||November 16th, 2018||Complete|
|Travel Time Reliability||November 16th, 2018||Complete|
|Freight Reliability||November 16th, 2018||Complete|
|Traffic Congestion||May 20th, 2018||Complete|
|Total Emissions Reduction||November 16th, 2018||Complete|
|TAM||Transit Asset Management||October 1, 2018||Complete|
|PTASP||Public Transportation Agency Safety Plan||January 16, 2021||Underway|
The links below contain information regarding performance measures that were used in previous plans and studies developed by the MPO: